Spanish Essentials – Language Guide

June 18, 2016

Spanish Essentials - Language Guide

Spanish language

I know it might sound a tad obvious, but when travelling to a different country you should really learn the basics of their language – phrases like ‘hello’, ‘how much’ or ‘where to’ will help you enormously in navigating where you want to go. I’ve put together a guide below to help you with learning essential Spanish phrases.

Who speaks Spanish?

Approximately 300 million people speak Spanish as their first language and 100 million speak Spanish as their second language. The following countries speak Spanish as their dominant language, so it’s a great idea to get down the basics before travelling.

Official Spanish speaking countries:

Europe & Africa:

Spain

Equatorial Guinea

North & Central America:

Mexico

Guetemala

Honduras

Nicaragua

El Salvador

Costa Rica

Panama

South America:

Argentina

Chile

Bolivia

Paraguay

Uruguay

Peru

Venezuela

Colombia

Ecuador

Caribbean:

Cuba

Puerto Rico

Dominican Republic

 

Basic words:

Hello | Hola (o-la)

Goodbye | Adios (a-dyos)

Please | Por favour (por fa-vor)

Thank you | Muchas Gracias (moo-ches gra-thyas)

You’re welcome | De nada (de na-da)

Yes/no | Si/No (see/no)

Excuse me | Perdon (per-don)

Sorry! | Perdon (per-dohn – with emphasis on the ‘oh’ sound)

I understand | Entiendo (en-tyen-do)

I do not understand | No entiendo (no en-tyen-do)

One moment | Un momento (non mo-men-to)

Help! | Socorro! (so-ko-ro)

Cheers! | Salud! (sa-loo)

 

Phrases:

How much is this? | Cuanto cuesta esto? (kwan-to kwes-ta es-to)

Where are the toilets? | Donde estan los servicios? (don-de es-tan los ser-vee-thyos)

What time does it open/close? | A que hora aren/cierran? (a ke o-ra ab-ren/thye-ran)

When is admission free? | Cuando es la entrada gratuita? (kwan-do es la en-tra-da gar-twee-ta)

 

Numbers:

1 | uno (oo-no)

2 | dos (dos)

3 | tres (tres)

4 | cuatro (kwa-tro)

5 | cinco (theen-ko)

6 | seis (seys)

7 | siete (sye-te)

8 | ocho (o-cho)

9 | nueve (nwe-ve)

10 | diez (dyeth)

Once you’ve mastered these basic phrases, you should feel more confident speaking whilst in one of the many countries that speak Spanish. Wishing you safe travels forever and always. Saludos mi amigos!

C